Treatment of Mental Retardation Services in India/Delhi

Treatment of Mental Retardation Services in India/Delhi

Mental retardation now known as Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IDD) comprises multiple conditions defined by significant limitations in both intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior. These limitations generally become evident before the age of 18 and can affect different  aspects of daily life like learning, reasoning, problem-solving, social skills, and so on.


If any of your loved ones also have any  Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, then do not worry, we are here to help you.


At Sharda Psychiatric Clinic, we are dedicated to transforming lives with our exceptional mental retardation services in Delhi. Our trained and certified team deliver personalized care and innovative therapies to help individuals achieve their fullest potential. 



Whether you’re seeking comprehensive assessments, specialized therapies, or family support, our clinic provides a nurturing environment to foster independence and enhance quality of life.


Join us on a journey towards empowerment and discover the difference our holistic approach can make in your life or the life of your loved one.


Classification of Mental Retardation


Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities or mental retardation can be categorized under four groups as enumerated below.


  • Mild Mental Retardation: Approximate IQ range of 50 to 69 ( in adults, mental age from 9 to 12 years). This might lead to learning difficulties in school. But, many adults under this type are able to work properly and maintain a healthy social relationship. These adults are generally feeble-minded. They can learn practical life skills to function properly in ordinary life with minimum support.


  • Moderate Mental Retardation: Approximate IQ ranges between 35 to 49 (in adults, mental age from 6 to under 9 years). This may result in developmental delays in children but these adults can learn self-care, academic, and communication skills. However, they do need support to live and work in society.


  • Severe Mental Retardation: Approximate IQ range between 20 to 34 (in adults, mental age from 3 to under 6 years. People with severe mental retardation need constant support for basic or day to day tasks. However, they do need supervision in different social settings and family care for living in a group home.


  • Profound Mental Retardation: Approximate IQ under 20 (in adults, mental age below 3 years). This might result in facing difficulties in self-care, mobility, and communication. They have congenital syndromes and need supervision with self-care activities. Moreover, they have very limited capability to communicate and physical limitations.


Mental Retardation Characteristics


Mental retardation centers around impairment of general mental abilities that impacts adaptive functioning in three domains. These domains are used to determine how well an individual works with everyday tasks:

  • Conceptual Domain: Includes skills in reading, writing, language, mathematics, reasoning, memory, and knowledge.
  • Social Domain:This comprises empathy, interpersonal communication skills, social judgment, etc.
  • Practical Domain: It includes self-management skills in several areas like personal care, money management, job responsibilities, etc.


Treatment Categories for Mental Retardation

The treatment for mental retardation falls within three categories

  1. Treatments that address or minimize the underlying causes of mental retardness like restricting phenylalanine patients’ diet who have phenylketonuria.
  2. Treatments of comorbid mental and physical disorders in order to improve the patients’ functions. For instance, pharmacologic treatments of behavioral disorders for children with fragile X syndrome.
  3. Behavioral and cognitive interventions along with psychosocial support, special education, etc.

DSM-5 Approach to Diagnosing Intellectual Disability


Here is the DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) approach to diagnosing intellectual disability or mental retardness:

  • Clinical Assessment and Standardized Testing: DSM-5 emphasis on using both clinical assessment and standardized intelligence tests for diagnosis.
  • Severity Based on Adaptive Functioning: Severity of impairment should be determined by adaptive functioning and not just IQ scores.
  • IQ Scores in Diagnostic Criteria: IQ scores are excluded from the primary diagnostic criteria but must be included in the descriptive text. This eliminates overemphasis on IQ scores alone, ensuring comprehensive evaluation of functioning.
  • Inclusion of IQ Scores:IQ scores or similar standardized test scores must be part of the assessment. Intellectual disability is generally defined as two standard deviations below the population average (IQ score of about 70 or below).
  • Assessment Across Three Domains: The intelligence assessment is done under three domains like conceptual, social, and practical.This helps to ensure diagnosis is based on the impact of deficits on everyday functioning.

Treatment Options Offered by Our Clinic

To provide your loved ones with a holistic and fulfilling treatment, we offer the following mental retardation services in India. Our team is fully certified to provide these services under the guidance of Dr. Atmesh Kumar:


  • Occupational Therapy: Our psychiatrists offer this therapy to help patients perform daily tasks with ease without or with minimum support.
  • Special Education: This is provided to help our patients to develop various academic skills like reading, writing, problem solving, self-help, etc.
  • Development Therapy: Under our mental retardation services, we also provide this therapy to promote the child’s development. This is suitable for children up to 13 years.
  • Speech Therapy: This therapy is used for children with mental retardation to develop their speech and communication skills.
  • Physical Therapy: Under this therapy, our team will help to enhance physical function and mobility of patients and also improve their motor skills.
  • Social Skills Training: We offer different training programs designed to improve a patient’s interpersonal skills and social interactions.Group activities and one-on-one training to build relationships and community involvement are also provided.
  • Family and Caregiver Support: Sharda Psychiatric Clinic also provide training and resources for patients’ families to support them in a better way.


Why Choose Sharda Psychiatric Clinic for Mental Retardation Services in India?

Here are some of the reasons why Sharda Psychiatric Clinic is right for you to avail mental retardation services in Delhi:

  • Individualized Support Plans (ISPs): We provide tailored plans in accordance to each individual’s unique needs, strengths, and goals.
  • Holistic Approach: You get comprehensive services addressing your medical, psychological, educational, and social needs.
  • Qualified and TrainedProfessionals: We have a team of the best experienced therapists, certified psychiatrists, medical professionals, support staff, and so on.
  • Continuous Improvement: Ongoing training and research to offer the best care.
  • Family Involvement: We actively involve the family members in the care process with support and resources.

Join Hands with Us for a Better Future

At Sharda Psychiatric Clinic, we are committed to providing the highest quality of treatment, care, and support to help patients with intellectual and developmental disabilities live fulfilling and independent lives.

To get more information on our mental retardation services in Delhi, you can schedule a consultation with us. Connect with our team via email or WhatsApp number, our team will contact you at the earliest.